Plants are frequently exposed to unfavourable environmental conditions to which they must adapt in a flexible manner. Among these stresses, salt and flooding stress harm the viability and reproduction of many crop plants significantly. Our research interest lies on transcription factors participating in initial stress signalling and through which signals their regulation under stress is executed. We study individual ETHYLENE-RESPONSE FACTOR (ERF) transcription factors in the model plants Oryza sativa and Arabidopsis thaliana and investigate how they contribute to early signal integration in order to achieve stress-tailored cellular responses. For doing so, a variety of genetic, biochemical and molecular biological approaches is used. Currently, we extend our research focus on important European cereal crops and develop biotechnological applications with the aim of improving future crop stress resilience.